The following census related items are available online.
Census Information for Henry County
Submitted by Susie Martin-Rott
Who held Illinois at what time? To best use Federal Census information, it is
helpful to know where Illinois was enumerated over the years. Here's a little chart to assist you.
||Who Controlled Illinois
||Settled by France
||Connecticut, Massachusetts and Virginia
|13 Jul 1787
|04 Jul 1800
|01 Mar 1809
|03 Dec 1818
||State of Illinois
State Census Information
||The only complete State censuses during this time period are for 1820
and 1855. Lists only head of household and head count of total number of family members. Does NOT list
individual family member names except that of the head of household. Uses the same format as pre-1850
Federal Census records.
||Edwards County missing
||Edwards, Fulton and Randolph Counties
||Fayette, Fulton, Jasper, Morgan, Putnam and Union
||Adams, Bond, Brown, Calhoun, Champaign, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Coles,
Cook, Crawford, Edgar, Effingham, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jasper, Jo Daviess,
Johnson, Knox, LaSalle, Lawrence, Livingston, Monroe, Randolph, Rock Island, Schuyler, Stark, Tazewell,
Union, Vermillion, White and Whiteside Counties.
||Cass, Madison, Montgomery, Putnam and Tazewell Counties
||Schedules are missing for Carroll, Champaign, Franklin, Gallatin,
Henry, Jefferson, Lake, Stark, Will and Woodford Counties
||Schedules are missing for Gallatin, Mason and Monroe Counties. The
Henry County filming, at least the one I rented, shows that many pages were heavily damaged prior to
filming. Many of the pages are so badly damaged that only a few names at the bottom of each page are
Federal Census Information
Compiled every 10 years on the even year for Illinois beginning 1820. Information
included on the Federal Census varied from decade to decade.
1820-1880: All Illinois Counties existing during those years are
1890: only existing schedule is for Mound Township of McDonough County. All other
IL presumed destroyed by fire in 1921.
1900, 1910 1920 1930: Illinois County Census all available
|Full name of the head of the household, number and age of free white
males and females residing in the household (not their names), and the number and sex of slaves or free
colored persons. Also shows the occupation of the head of household as well as categories indictating
deaf, dumb, blind, insane aliens and illiterate persons over the age of 20.
|Names, ages, sex, color and birthplace of all household residents,
the occupation of males over 15 years of age, value of real estate owned, designation of deaf, dumb,
blind or insane persons, convicts, notation of those who married or attended school during the year,
and illiterates over the age of 20.
||All of the above information plus shows if parents are of foreign
birth, immigrants who where naturalized as US Citizens and if they were eligible to vote.
||All of the above, plus the address of the household, illness or
disability on the day the census was taken, number of months employed as of the day of the census
count, and the birthplace of the mother and father of each individual (Country or state only). Also
includes the relationship of household residents to the head of household.
||A more specific census was conducted but almost all records for 1890
were reportedly destroyed by fire in 1921. No known copies of the 1890 Henry County schedules
||Name of each person in the household, relationship to Head of
Household, color or race, place of birth of each individual and their parents (country or state only),
month and year of birth, age, marital status, number of years the wife had been married, total number
of children born and the number of children still living, citizenship, occupation, number of illiterate
persons in the household, whether the property was owned or rented by the residents, and whether the
property was owned free and clear or was under mortgage.
||00000Same information as 1900 plus year of immigration and if an
immigrant, the language spoken, number of weeks employed since 1909, whether the home was a house or a
farm, whether a veteran of Union or Confederate army, or Navy.
||Same information as 1910 except did not ask about unemployment,
service in the Union or Confederate army or navy, number of children born and how long a couple had
been married. This census included inmates of institutions and dependent, defective, and delinquent
classes. New items included the year of naturalization and three questions to immigrants about mother
tongue. Due to boundary changes as a result of World War I, province (state or region) or city of
persons or parents of persons born in Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, or Turkey were indicated. All
other foreign births list only country. Race determination was based on the enumerator's impressions.
Individuals were enumerated as residents of the place they regularly slept, not where they worked or
were visiting. People with no regular residence, such as members of transient railroad or construction
camps, were enumerated as residents where they were the day the was taken. Residents were asked if
family members were temporarily absent and these were listed either with the household or on the last
schedule for the census subdivision.
||The 1930 census became available on April 1, 2002 at the National
Archives Building, 700 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20408-0001, and at Regional Facilities
in 13 major cities. Information which will be available on this release include Street, avenue, road,
etc., House number (in cities or towns), number of dwelling house in order of visitation, Number of
family in order of vistation, name of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this
family, relationship of this person to the head of the family, Home owned or rented, value of home if
owned or rent amout if rented, whether the family owned a radio, if the family lived on a farm, the
sex, color or race (race specific to Mexican, Chinese, etc), age at last birthday, Marital status, age
at first marriage, whether could read/write and if attended school or college since Sep 1, 1929; place
of birth of person and parents, native language of foreign born; language spoken in home before
arriving in US, year of immigration and if naturalized citizen, whether person spoke english,
occupation and type of business, class of worker, whether person had worked the day before the census
was taken or if on unemployment, veteran status and of which war, and the number of the household on
the farm schedule (the farm schedules however no longer exist)
Other Census Related Data
|Federal Mortality Schedules
||1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 Mortality Schedules are available for Henry
County. These records show listings of deaths which occurred during the one year period immediately
before the census enumeration. The 1850 Henry
Co Mortality Schedule is online
||Indexes for various years and areas have been compiled by
individuals, publishers and societies. Check library resources for your area of interest.
1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 only
The Soundex is an index based on the phonetic makeup of a Surname.
Surnames that sound the same, but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the same code
and are filed together. Surname, given name, age, sex, race, enumeration district, city, county and
state of residence, others in household, including the relationship, page and line number in the
original census record were taken from the census and placed on a card, then "coded" according to
the phonetic makeup of the surname. To locate the soundex code for the name you are interested in
you may use the National Archives "Soundex Machine" at http://www.nara.gov/genealogy/soundex/soundex.html
1880 is missing 1000 "O" cards and did not list children under age
1890 was not indexed due to fire
1910 only 21 states were done (Illinois is one of them) on a
1920 not all completed (Illinois was done)