Pension of Francis Marion
Submitted by Sarah Fitzgerald
On this 15th day of May, 1886 personally appeared before me, H. P. Collins, Clerk of the District Court, a court
of Record within and for the county aforesaid Francis M. Barnes aged 45 years, who being duly sworn according to
law, declares that he is the identical Francis M. Barnes who enrolled as a private on the 20th of April 1864 in
company “H” of the 37th Ills. Inft. Vols. Commanded by Captain George H. Merrill, and was honorably discharged at
Huston Texas on the 15th day of May, 1866. That his personal description is as follows. Age 45 years; height 5 foot
7 inches, complexion light, hair brown, eyes blue. That while a member of the organization aforesaid in the service
and in the line of duty near Memphis in the state of Tennessee, on or about May 1864, he contracted catarrh from
cold and exposure while on the march after Forrest, that said disease has ever since continued and has involved his
lungs, and his hearing has also become affected in consequence. While after rebels near Morganza Bend Louisiana in
July or August 1864 from exposure and hardship he contracted rheumatism and diarrhea. Did not go to hospital but
was attended by an old woman (an herb doctress) in whose home he was placed. At siege of Fort Blakeley in April
1865 he was struck by a rile ball over the left eye and has ever since suffered with pain in his head. The shock
rendered him senseless and on recovering consciousness he refused to go to a hospital or to the rear. That he was
not treated in hospital. That he has not been employed in the military or naval service otherwise than stated
above. That he has not been in the military or naval service of the United States since the 15th day of May 1866,
and that his occupation has been that of a farmer. That prior to his entry into the service above-named he was a
man of good sound physical health, being when enrolled a farmer. That he is now greatly disabled from obtaining his
subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries above described, received in the service of the United
States, and he therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the invalid pension roll of the
United States. He hereby appoints with full power of substitution and revocation D. I. Murphy of Washington D.C.
his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim. That he has never received nor applied for a pension; that his
residence is Aurora Hamilton County Nebraska. And that his post office address is the same. Francis M. Barnes,
witnesses J.D. Ferguson, Jr.; L. W. She______.
Also personally appeared J. D. Ferguson Jr. residing at Aurora Nebr. And L. W. Sherman? Residing at Aurora Nebr.
Persons whom I certify to be responsible and entitled to credit, and who being by me duly sworn, say that they were
present and saw the claimant sign his name ( made his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every
reason to believe from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him that he is the identical
person he represents himself to be; and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. H. P.
Helliuss? J.D. Ferguson Jr. L.W. Shurman? Sworn to and subscribed before me this 6th day of Dec. A.D. 1889 and I
hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration, &c were fully made known and explained to the
applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words erased, and the words added; and that I have no
interest direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim unreadable Clerk of the District
State of Illinois County of Henry, In the matter of pension claim of Francis M. Barnes late of Co “H” 37th Ills.
Inft. Vols. (No. 742,896) On this 21st day of June A.D. 1890 personally appeared before me a Notary Public in and
for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, Joseph Seibee? Aged 38 years, a resident of Osco ___
in the County of Henry and State of Illinois whose post office address is Genesseo Ills. I Joseph _____ a private
in Co H _______ do no that Francis Barnes was very sick with the diarrhea at Morganza La and taken care of by an
old woman __________________________________ as good ______ after on returned __ as the said before ______
State of Iowa, County of Fayette, In the matter of Pension Claim of Francis M. Barnes, of Aurora, Neb. Late private
Co “H” 37th Ills. Inft. On this 11th day of July A.D. 1890 personally appeared before me, a Notary Public in and
for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, Peter Woodring aged 45 years, a resident of Oelwein?
In the County of Fayette and sate of Iowa whose post office address is Oelwein, Iowa. I was a member of Co. “H”
37th Ill. Vol. Infty. During its history as a regiment and who is with the company for this _____ time with the
exception of three months while home on a furlough. I first became acquainted with Francis M. Barnes sometime in
the month of April 1864. He _______ the ____. The beginning of our veteran time as a recruit. My remembrance of him
is – that he was good faithful soldier, that although he was under the doctors care or treatment and __ believe
often did duty when he ought to have been under medical care. I think that sometime in May, while on a chase after
_______ through Tennessee and later at __ near Morganza La, a bad diarrhea which was a cause of keeping him off
duty for some length of time and as I now remember ______ he was in a very emaciated condition. These ______ I
think continued to trouble him during his service with more or less severity as at times he would be able for duty
yet always _____ sickly thereafter. Peter Woodring.
Department of the interior, Bureau of Pensions. Western Div. Newell Ex’r, No 742,896. Washington D.C. Apr. 26,
1890. It is alleged that Francis M. Barnes enlisted Apr. 20, 1864 and served as a private in Co. H, 37 Ret’t Ills
Inf. And was discharged at Houston Texas, May 15, 1866. It is also alleged that while on duty at Memphis, Tenn. On
or about May, 1864, he was disabled by catarrh – lung disease – impaired hearing – In 1864 – July or Aug.
contracted rheumatism & diarrhea, In 1865 April I was struck over eye by rifle ball and was treated in
hospitals of which the names, location, and dates of treatment are as follows: none. In case of the above-named
soldier the War Department is requested to furnish an official statement of the enrollment, discharge, and record
of service so far as the same may be applicable to the foregoing allegation, together with full medical history.
Pease give the rank he held at the time he is claimed to have incurred the disability alleged, and if records show
that he was not in line of duty during that period, let the fact be stated. Very respectfully, __________________,
Original pension claim No. 742,896. Francis M. Barnes, rank private, Company H. 37 Reg’t Ill Inf, Your, Nebr.
Aurora, Nebr. May 28, 1890. We hereby certify that in compliance with the requirements of the law, we have
carefully examined this applicant, who states that he is suffering from the following disability, incurred in the
service viz: Catarrh affecting lungs & hearing. Rheumatism and diarrhea, ____ over eye. Pulse rate per minute
74, respiration, 20, temperature 99, height 5 feet 10 inches, weight 173 pounds, age 45 years. He made the
following statement upon which he bases his claim for Ong. Pain in both sides chest whenever take cold, and tonsils
swell, frequent bad attacks of headache front and back of head, quick change of ____ brings on attack of diarrhea
sometimes pass blood. Finger and knee joints would swell up until a year ago. Upon examination we find the
following objective conditions; Theses is a catarrhal inflammation of nose and throat; mucus membrane is dry and
glossy tendency to ______ of nasal cantus. Respiration mummer is considerably marked in right lung, left lung
normal, no rales, resonance normal, heart action is normal, su___ dullness normal. Examination of rectum shows a
general inflamed condition with ulceration of an tenor, perterin? And one lateral mull? No pite? Tumors. No
swelling of joints or muscles in any part of body, no limitation of motion, hearing not impaired, no scar over eye,
no evidence of mound? From the existing condition and the history of this claimant, as stated by himself, it is in
our judgment probably that the disability was incurred in the service as he claims, and that it has not been
prolonged or aggravated by vicious habits. He is, in our opinion, entitled to a 6/18? Rating for the disability
caused by catarrh nose and throat, 6/18 for that caused by disease of rectum. ________ Pres. R.M. Conaugh?, sec’y,
J. B Con___ treas.
Act of June 27, 1890 – Declaration for invalid pension – State of Nebraska County of Hamilton. On this 18 day of
July A.D. one thousand eight hundred and ninety personally appeared before me, clerk of the district court, a court
of record within and for the county and State aforesaid, Francis M. Barnes aged 45 years, a resident of the town of
Aurora county of Hamilton, State of Nebraska, who, being duly sworn according to law, declared that he is the
identical Francis M. Barnes who was enrolled on the 20th day of April, 1864, in Co “H” 37th Ills. Inft. Vols. As a
private in the war of the rebellion, and served at least ninety days, and was honorably discharged at Huston Texas,
on the 15th day of May 1866. That he is now unable to earn a support by manual labor by reason of Catarrh,
rheumatism, diarrhea, rifle ball wound over left eyes and effect of sunstroke. That said disabilities are not due
to vicious habits, and are to the best of his knowledge and belief permanent. That he has applied for pension under
application No. 742,896. That he make this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension roll of the
United States under the provisions of the Act of June 27, 1890. He hereby appoints D I. Murphy, of Washington D.C.,
his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim and agrees to pay him a fee of Ten Dollars upon the allowance
of the claim. That his post office address is Aurora, county of Hamilton, State of Nebraska. Francis M. Barnes,
Attest: A.J. Minson?, L W. Harting.
Certificate No. 549240, Department of the Interior, Francis M. Barnes, Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D.C
January 15 189_. Sir: In forwarding to the pension agent the executed voucher for your next quarterly payment
please favor me by returning this circular to him with replies to the questions enumerated below. H. May Evans?,
Commissioner of Pensions. Aurora, Hamilton Co Nebraska. First – are you married? If so, please state your wife’s
full name and her maiden name. Answer. Yes, Mary Ann Barnes, Mary A. Ellis. Second, when & where and by whom
were you married? Answer. Nov. 27 1867, Rev G. M. Morey, Osco Ills. Third, what record of marriage exist? Answer
certificate of marriage. Fourth were you previously married? If so, please state the name of your former wife and
the date and place of her death or divorce. Answer no. fifth have you any children living? If so, please state
their names and the dates of their birth. Answer Nettie E. born Jan. 14 1869; Frederick H. born Oct. 10 1870; Pearl
M. born April 23 1877; Leona B. born Dec. 25 1884. Signed Francis M. Barnes, July 4, 189_.
Testimonial – Geneseo, Henry Co. Ill, Feb. 10, 1894; Sir; In reply to your request I have to state that I have
known Francis Barns for a long time we enlisted at the same time and I no that he was sick most of the time I no he
was a stout healthy young man when he went out and I no he has never been well since or until he moved away from
here which has ben eight or nine years. I think _____ ought to have a pension for his health is gone as to his
sickness I no he had the disentary and it said with him. As long as he was here. That was in 64 or 65 that he was
sick to dates and when he was in the hospital I do not recollect it has been a good while ago I no he was in the
hospital a good many times I supposed he was getting a pension I haven’t much to rite as I have forgotten dates,
yours respectfully Joseph Leiber
Revision, Pension Claim No. 549,240 (why is this pension number different?) Francis M. Barnes, Pr. Company H.
37th reg’t Ills Vol. Aurora Nebr. June 6, 1894. We hereby certify that in compliance with the requirements of the
law we have carefully examined this applicant, who states that he is suffering from the following disabilities,
incurred in the service, viz: Rheumatism – Diarrhea – catarrh – wound of eye – dis. Of rectum – results of sun
stroke, and that he receives a pension of 12.00 dollars a month He makes the following statement upon which he
bases his claim for revision. Upon examination we find the following objective conditions; pulse rate 70,
respiration 20, temperature 99, height, 5 feet 8 inches, weight 150 pounds; age 49 years. We find this soldier
suffering from pheustasus? Both articular? And muscular affection most the joints at shoulder elbows and wrist of
both arms also both legs at hips knees and ankles all the above mentioned joints d__ tender and painful but at this
time but little swollen joints and stiff and motions limited at 25% no atrophy or contrition. Hear is normal
catarrh is present (noisphgryng__?) membrans of nose inflamed and swollen throat infected nasal membrane covered
with a mucus pus-throat in p___ condition sense of smell gone and voice thick – large size tumors are present 14
incehs in length ½ inch in diameter, inflamed & bleeding ulcerated and painful ____ protrudes one inch and is
inflamed ____ and is covered with ulcerations - _____ an _______ & ___________ internal – This is most
aggravated case of hemorrhoids. The applicant is a constant sufferer from diarrhea during the _________ bring often
confined to his house and bed for days and weeks – then is at this time but little emaciation out but tho _____ is
weak and debilitated skin sallow and dry tongue and stomach none of constant pain is present in region of liver and
spleen but find no enlargement of either organ. No fissure no ______ - e____ is normal. This soldier cannot endure
heat and is often afflicted with syn___. Falls down and remains for a time unconscious – intense pain is complained
of in head and skin - ______ normal & this man is wholly unable to do manual labor – no vicious habits – this
applicant has been treated by members of your board and __ an familiar with his ailments from professional
experience. We believe that his ailments are the results of military service no other cause presents itself. No
other disability found to exist. W. J? Gooden, W. S. Chillea? , G. S. Woodard.
Testimonial - Oelwein, Fayette Co Iowa, Feb. 14, 1896 – I knew the applicant Francis M. Barnes as a comrade of
my Co. I remember him quite well, as a good true and faithful soldier. But as to his disability I can now recall
only that he was somewhat debilitated toward the latter part of his service, But to what extent it has affected him
since I could not say as I have not met him since his discharge. It seems in my mind that he was either knocked
over into a creek, or fell in and was chilled from the effects and was laid up for a time. But the length of time
since has obliterated the particulars, dates and places from my mind but it seems that it must have been in Mo or
_____ in early ’63 or latter part of 62. Very respectfully, Peter Woodrings, late Co H 37th Ills vol Infy.
Act of May 11, 1912, cert. No 549240, increased. Claimant Francis M. Barnes, PO “Aurora, County Hamilton, State
Nebraska, Rank Private, service Co. H 37 Illinois Inf. Rate $23 per month, commencing July 3, 1915. Submitted for
Adm, Nov 1 1915, K.S Jones examiner. Approved for increase rate $23 per month; age 70 years. Date of birth July 3,
1845. Length of pensionable service 2 years 0 months 26 days. Nov. 29, 1915. J.A. Scott Nov. 30 1915 O.R. Ickis?
Examiner. Enlisted Apl. 20 1864, honorable discharged May 15, 1866, no other service. Pensioned at $17 per month
under Act May 11, 1912.
Date stamp May 7, 1915 – Francis M. Barnes, Aurora Nebr. 549240 – G. M. Saltzgaber? Commissioner. No 1. Date and
place of birth. Answer July 3rd 1845, Howard Co. Maryland. the name of organization in which you served. Answer Co
H. 37th Ill Vol. Inft. No.2 What was your post office at enlistment: answer Morristown, Henry Co Ill. No. 3 state
your wife’s full name and her maiden name. Answer Mary Ann (Barnes) Ellis. No. 4 when, where and by whom were you
married? Answer Nov. 22nd 1867 Henry Co. Ills, Rev G B. Morey. No. 5 Is there any official or church record of your
marriage answer at Co Judge office Cambridge Ill. No. 6 Were you previously married? If so, state the name of your
former wife, the date of the marriage and the date and place of her death or divorce. If there was more than one
previous marriage, let you answer include all former wives. Answer No. No. 7 If your present wife was married
before her marriage to you, state the name of her former husband, the date of such marriage, and the date and place
of his death or divorce, and state whether he ever rendered any military or naval service, and if so, give name of
the organization in which he served. If she was married more than once before her marriage to you, let your answer
include all former husbands. Answer, was married to Noah B. Denton June 12th 1860. Died at Knoxville Tenn. Nov. 22
1863, was member of Co. H 112 Vol. Inft. No 8 are you now living with your wife, or has there been a separation?
Answer, yes, happily. No. 9. State the names and dates of birth of all your children, living or dead. Answer,
Nettie E. (Barnes) Pringle born Jan 14, 1869; Frederic A. Barnes born Oct. 18, 1870; Rena Maud Barnes (dead) born
March 14 1872; Pearl M. (Barnes) Smith born April 23 1877; Leona B. (Barnes) Erb born Dec. 28 1884.
My children are all married so gave maiden and name of husband. Francis M. Barnes
Declaration for Pension, The state of Nebraska, Hamilton County. On this 16 day of October A.D. 1915 personally
appeared before me, Fred Jeffers, County Judge, within the County and State aforesaid, Francis M. Barnes who, being
duly sworn according to law declares that he is 70 years of age and a resident of Aurora, County of Hamilton, State
of Nebraska and that he is the identical person who was enrolled at Morristown, Illinois under the name of Francis
M. Barnes on the 20th day of April A.D. 1864, as a private in Co. H. 37th Ill, Vet. Inf. In the service of the
United States in the Civil War and was honorably discharged at Houston, Texas on the 15th day of May A.D. 1866.
That he was not employed in the military or naval service of the United States otherwise than as stated above. That
his personal description at the time of enlistment was as follows: height 5 feet 7 inches; complexion light; color
of eyes blue; color of hair brown; that his occupation was farmer; that he was born on the 3rd day of July A.D.
1845 in Howard Co. Maryland. That his several places of residence since leaving the service has been as follows:
Henry Co. Ill til 1880 then to Hamilton Co. Nebraska to present time. That the number of his pension certificate is
549.240. That he makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension roll of the United States
under the provisions of the act of February 7, 1907. That his post office address is Aurora Nebraska. Francis M.
Barnes. Attest Thomas O’Neil, J. K. Hupp. Also personally appeared Thomas O’Neil residing at Aurora Neb and J. K.
Hupp residing at Aurora Neb. Persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who being by me
duly sworn, say they were present and saw Francis M. Barnes the claimant, sign his name to the foregoing
declaration; that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance
with him of 15 years and 30 years respectfully, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be and
that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. Fred Jeffers, County Judge. Sworn to and subscribed
before me this 16th day of October A.D. 1915 and I hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration etc.,
were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before swearing, including the words --- and
that I have no interest direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim. Fred Jeffers, County Judge.
Department of the interior, bureau of pensions, Washington D.C., Nov. 19, 1915. Respectfully returned _____
Adjutant General, War Department, requesting a further report stating whether the soldier had any no authorized
absence during the time from June 30, 1865 to the date of discharge. Commissioner of Pensions. With the information
that in the case of Francis M. Barnes, Co H. 37 Ill. Inf. The military records do not show any un authorized
absence during the time from June 30, 1865 to the date of discharge.
Declaration for pension – act of May 1, 1920 – State of Nebraska, County of Hamilton. On this 2nd day of
May A.D. 1922, personally appeared before me, a notary public, within and for the county and State aforesaid,
Francis M. Barnes who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is 76 years of age, and a resident of
Aurora county of Hamilton state of Nebraska and that he is the identical person who was enrolled at Morristown,
Illinois, under the name of Francis M. Barnes on the 20th day of April 1864 as a private in Co “H” 37th regt
Illinois infantry in the service of the United State, in the Civil War, and was honorably discharged at Houston,
Texas on the 15th day of May 1866. That his personal description at enlistment was as follows; height 5 feet 7
inches, complexion light, color of eyes blue, color of hair brown, that his occupation was farmer, that he was born
July 3rd 1845 at Hood’s Mill, Maryland. That he requires the regular personal aid and attendance of another person
on account of the following disabilities; Catarrh of nose and throat, deafness in both ears, leakage of the heart,
sarcoma of left testicle, motor disturbance of muscles of face hands and feet (choric ataxia). That since leaving
the service he has resided at Osco, Illinois, and Aurora Nebraska and his occupation has been farmer. That he is
now a pensioner under certificate No 549240. That he make this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the
pension roll of the United States under the provisions of the act of May 1, 1920. Francis M. Barnes, Aurora
Nebraska. Witnesses H? Jeffers & J. W. Weedin, Aurora Nebraska. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2nd day
of May A.D. 1922.
The farmers state bank, State of Nebraska, County of Hamilton. I Dennis Saylor, registrar of births and deaths
in and for the city of Aurora, Nebraska, do hereby certify that there has been filed in my office, a certificate of
death of Francis Marion Barnes, Aurora, Nebraska. By undertakers Chapman-Higby Co. Aurora, Nebraska. Showing that
Francis Marion Barnes, died on October 28 1924, aged 79 years, said certificate was signed by J. M. Woodard,